Violence against women is also known as gender based violence because is based on violent acts committed against women or girls. It’s considered a form of hate crime because they are female, is a major public and clinical health problem and violation of women’s human rights.
Globally one in three women experience physical or sexual violence in their lifetime, mostly by an intimate partener.
Many forms of violence are under-reported and in 1992 the CEDAW Committee in its General Recommendation No.9 asserted thatt violence against women is a form of discrimation, directed towards a woman because she is a woman or that affects women disproportionately.
VAW (Violence Against Women) has a very long history, thorugh the incidents and intensity of such violence have varied over time and even today vary between differents societies. This violence is seen as a mechanism for the subjugation of women, whether in society in general or in an interpersonal relationship and may arise from a sense of entitlement, superiority and misogyny. although the history of violence against women is diffucult to track, it is clear that much of the violence was accepted, and even legally anctioned. For example roman law gave men the right to chastise their wives and daughters even to the point of death. The history of violence against women is closely related to the old view of women as property and a gender role of subservience.
Women are much more likely than men to be murdered by an intimate partner, in fact, for example, in the United States, in 2005, 1181 women were killed by their intimate partners, compared to 329 men.
Giorgia Peroni 3AL