On the 25th September 2015 all the United Nations Member States agreed the Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs, that is the world’s plan to improve health and education, reduce inequality and spur economic growth . This project, called The 2030 Agenda, is based on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and is aimed to complete what MDGs couldn’t accomplish.
The 2030 Agenda consist in 17 Goals and 169 targets that show the greatness of this universal plan, that can be summarize in the 5 principles (or 5Ps): People, Planet, Prosperity, Peace and Partnership. The SDGs’ goals are:
- No poverty
- Zero hunger
- Good health and well-being
- Quality education
- Gender equality
- Clean water and sanitation
- Affordable and clean energy
- Decent work and economic growth
- Innovation and resilient infrastructure
- Reduced inequalities
- Sustainable cities and communities
- Responsible consumption and production
- Action on climate change
- Healthy oceans
- Sustainable ecosystems
- Peace and justice
- Global partnerships
The main achievement is to reach sustainable development, but what is it? And when has it started? As a result of the oil crisis of the 70s, that was caused by the war between Israel and Arab states, people in the west began to look for renewable sources of energy. Since then they had started wondering how to deal with limited resources on the planet and worrying about the future generations. This concern has brought to sustainable development, which is a process that satisfies needs of the present without compromising the next generations’ possibilities of evolution. In order to achieve this goal it’s necessary to harmonise three fundamental elements: economic growth, social inclusion and environmental Protection.
The United Nations said that this plan will be the biggest global challenge, so everybody has to make an effort to lead our planet on a sustainable path for the future, no one excluded.
Lucrezia Crosio, 3ACL